Coronavirus (COVID-19) Collection
- Since December 2019, COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 has spread worldwide (Hayakawa et al., 2020). As of January 25th, 2022, 544 re-infected COVID-19 cases have been reported worldwide (BNO news. 2022; Inada et al., 2021).
- The COVID-19 outbreak in China at the end of 2019 had spread to Japan by early 2020. The surge in infected cases may have precipitated behavioral changes among physicians and patients, including increased unnecessary antimicrobial use (AU) that could promote antimicrobial resistance (AMR).
- Since December 2019, COVID-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection, has been a major health threat worldwide (Hayakawa et al., 2020). The mRNA-based BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine has demonstrated a high efficacy rate with an acceptable safety profile (Polack et al., 2020). In Japan, a nationwide mass BNT162b2 mRNA vaccination campaign was launched and rolled out at an exceptionally rapid pace with high vaccine acceptance. As of June 13, 2021, 14.0% (n=17 580 587) and 4.9% (n=6 104 732) of the population had received their first and second vaccine dose, respectively (Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Japan, 2021).
- A 50-year-old Japanese man was admitted to our hospital with a 14-day history of fever and sudden dyspnea. The patient was diagnosed with severe coronavirus disease (COVID-19) based on positive test results of RNA polymerase chain reaction for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. He was started on mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). He received ECMO for 23 days and was tracheostomized on hospital day (HD) 37. His general condition improved by HD 54. On HD 61, periungual desquamation appeared on the fingers of left hand (Panel 1A), left palm (Panel 1B), and both feet (Panel 1C).