Coronavirus (COVID-19) Collection
- The fast spread and high fatality rate of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remind us of the first pandemic in the last century — the 1918–19 influenza pandemic. Indeed, the SARS-CoV-2 and the 1918 A/H1N1 influenza virus share some common properties:
- The deadly coronavirus disease (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2, formerly 2019-nCoV), has emerged in Wuhan, China, in December 2019 (WHO, 2020). COVID-19 cases were soon exported to other Chinese cities and overseas, mainly owing to the traffic surge near the Chinese Lunar New Year (Bogoch et al., 2020; Wu et al., 2020). The first imported cases in Hong Kong were confirmed and reported on January 23, 2020, see Fig. 1(a). Since then, the government of Hong Kong has implemented a series of control and prevention measures for COVID-19, including enhanced border screening and traffic restrictions (summary, in press; CHP, in press).
- The worldwide outbreak of the novel coronavirus (SARS-Cov-2) pneumonia remains a major public health concern. We thank Sharifi et al.’s comments to our recent study (Zhuang et al., 2020). In that paper we adopted the similar method as Imai's (Imai et al., 2020), which was used to estimate the number of COVID-19 cases in the early stages of the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, Hubei, China. The model provided a rough range estimation about the epidemic size and has been recognized by peers as a valid method in the early stage of an epidemic (Kucharski et al., 2020; Boldog et al., 2020; Ng et al., 2020).
- The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has caused 6088 cases and 41 deaths in Republic of Korea, and 3144 cases and 107 death in Italy by 5 March 2020, respectively. We modelled the transmission process in the Republic of Korea and Italy with a stochastic model, and estimated the basic reproduction number R0 as 2.6 (95% CI: 2.3–2.9) or 3.2 (95% CI: 2.9–3.5) in the Republic of Korea, under the assumption that the exponential growth starting on 31 January or 5 February 2020, and 2.6 (95% CI: 2.3–2.9) or 3.3 (95% CI: 3.0–3.6) in Italy, under the assumption that the exponential growth starting on 5 February or 10 February 2020, respectively.
- The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China at the end of 2019, and soon spread to the rest of China and overseas (Bogoch et al., 2020). At the time of writing, 78 630 cases had been reported in China and 3664 cases had been confirmed in 46 other countries (World Health Organization, 2020). Iran has recently become an epicenter in the Middle East region and has seen the largest cumulative number of deaths outside China (Wikipedia, 2020). As of March 1, 2020, Iran had confirmed 987 COVID-19 cases, including 54 associated deaths (Wikipedia, 2020).
- The ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has claimed 2663 lives, along with 77,658 confirmed cases and 2824 suspected cases in China, as of 24 February 2020 (24:00 GMT+8), according to the National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China (NHCPRC, 2020). The number of deaths associated with COVID-19 greatly exceeds the other two coronaviruses (severe acure respiratory syndrome coronavirus, SARS-CoV, and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, MERS-CoV), and the outbreak is still ongoing, which posed a huge threat to the global public health and economics (Bogoch et al., 2020; J.T.
- The ongoing outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) pneumonia in Wuhan, China and other regions remains a major public health concern. We thank Dhungana for comments to our study, Zhao et al. (2020), recently published in the International Journal of Infectious Diseases. The estimates on the basic reproduction number, R0, were carried out early in the outbreak as of January 22, 2020, when the surveillance data and the knowledge of the key epidemiological features of 2019-nCoV were limited.
- The atypical pneumonia case, caused by a novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), was first reported and confirmed in Wuhan, China on December 31, 2019 (World Health Organization, 2020a). As of January 26 (17:00 GMT), 2020, there have been 2033 confirmed cases of 2019-nCoV infections in mainland China, including 56 deaths (National Health Commission of the People’s Republic of China, 2020). The 2019-nCoV cases were also reported in Thailand, Japan, Republic of Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan and the US, and all of these cases were exported from Wuhan; see the World Health Organization (WHO) news release https://www.who.int/csr/don/en/ from January 14–21.