Coronavirus (COVID-19) Collection
- Ongoing transmission of SARS-CoV-2 remains a problem worldwide. Patchy vaccination coverage in multiple parts of the world, vaccine hesitancy in vulnerable groups, and differences in the efficiency of available vaccines mean that virus transmission remains a problem in community and clinical settings, and in long-term care of older people. While opportunities for unfettered transmission remain, selection pressures on the evolving virus raise the risk of producing variants that significantly increase transmissibility, morbidity, or mortality, or have the ability to evade the host immune response produced by previous infection or vaccination.
- A priority call was initiated in the emergency triaging area when paramedics brought in a 65-year-old woman with an oxygen saturation of 65% on room air. She was given full flow oxygen at 15 L through a non-rebreathing mask, which elevated her saturation to 92–95%. Upon stabilising the patient, history revealed that she had been experiencing viral prodrome for the past 7 days. Her symptoms were primarily fever, chest pain, cough with clear expectoration, and intermittent shortness of breath on exertion.
- SARS−COV-2 may induce myopathy. SARS−COV-2 may induce demyelinating polyneuropathy. COVID-19 neuromuscular effects may be depicted by NCS and EMG.
- In South Korea, the first coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) case was confirmed on January 20, 2020 (Korea Ministry of Health and Welfare and Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020). With proactive containment efforts, comprehensive contact tracing, and extensive testing of symptomatic or high risk individuals for COVID-19, South Korea was able to flatten the curve of new COVID-19 infections by mid-March (Korea Ministry of Health and Welfare and Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020; Song et al., 2020).
- Many papers have studied COVID-19 transmission in family clusters (Lebow, 2020; Qian et al., 2020; Tang et al., 2020; Xia et al., 2020). Presymptomatic infectors have a variety of clinical presentations (Lebow, 2020) and generally, children were not infected. Based on these papers, a general concern of healthcare workers (HW) for their families came up. Many HWs decided to isolate themselves from their families to reduce the risk of transmission; however, no studies as yet focused on the families of HWs and SARS-COV-2 transmission.
- As of May 27, 2020, there were over 1,678,843 confirmed cases of COVID-19 claiming more than 100,000 lives in the Unites States (CDC, 2020). Currently there is no known effective therapy or vaccine. The urgent need for therapeutic agents has resulted in repurposing and redeployment of experimental agents (McCreary and Pogue, 2020; Sanders et al., 2020).
- ‘All Hands on Deck’ is an expression of naval origin. Facing a storm or other life-threatening emergency, the ship's captain calls out the command for all sailors (hands) to leave their posts and come to the deck to help navigate the storm (Barrett, 2019). As public health professionals around the world navigate the maelstrom of COVID-19 that is already a global pandemic reaching over 190 nations and accelerating, the time for “All Hands on Deck” has now arrived.
- The recent outbreak of the coronavirus SARS-COV-2 has led to a worldwide pandemic (Cucinotta and Vanelli, 2020) with substantial social, health, and economic costs (UN News, 2020). The epidemic spread quickly from Wuhan to neighboring cities and then to the rest of China (Wu et al., 2020), possibly exacerbated by the ‘travel rush’ for the Lunar New Year. On 23rd January 2020, the Chinese government initiated an unprecedented move of introducing a ‘metropolitan-wide quarantine’ of the city of Wuhan, by terminating all public transportation in the city and intercity links (Chen et al., 2020; Zhang et al., 2020b).
- Since the first atypical pneumonia case, caused by a novel coronavirus was reported in Wuhan, China on December 31, 2019 (WHO, 2020a), the novel coronavirus infection outbreak quickly spread in Wuhan, the capital of Hubei Province and other districts of Hubei Province with a further spread across the Chinese mainland. By 29 Feb 2020 a total of 79,824 cases of infection had been confirmed nationwide including all administrative regions, with another 851 suspected cases. COVID-19 cases were also reported in Thailand, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan, the US, and some countries in Europe (CCDCPC, 2019).